In the early 17th century there were already workers ( " Hollandgänger " ) from North - West Germany to Kennemerland . Here we talk about mowers and haymakers , the "hannekemaaiers" who moved in the high season (June to August ) to the North Holland grasslands went to mow the grass ( this mowing was done only with the scythe untill the last quarter of the 19th century ( van der Poel , 1986) .
After the Thirty Years War in Germany in 1648 , the population grow rapidly. Lippe ( Westphalia ) e.g. from 25,595 in 1648 to 36,329 in 1685 ( Lucassen , 1984) . Population growth has led to a sharp increase in the propertyless of rural population , which could fetch insufficient income from their small farms. Especially for sons older than 15 years old, it could be attractive for them to go away and work elswhere. They could save this way for a wedding in the future. Wages in the coastal area of Holland (Kennemerland) in 1800 were about three times higher than those in Westphalia ( Kroon-van Helden 1998) , so a seasonal worker could eran in a relative short time one thirt of his yearly income. Especially when he took enough supplies with him. And that was usually the case . This is evident from the description that Lucassen (1984 ) gave : . ... " The trip was the biggest expenses and as much as possible they traveled by ship . There were three fixed shipping routes but one route especially was choosen by the majority of the workers. And 10,000 or more , sometimes up to 30,000. They took as much victuals as they could in order not having to buy in Holland because the cost of living was very high overthere. In Lingen (Werstphalia), they crossed over the river Ems , initially with a ferry and later by a bridge. Subsequently they went via Bentheim's places Neuenhaus and Uelsen to the Dutch border at Vennebrugge. Usually they went first to Hardenberg in Overijssel . Everybody tried to transport their luggage via carters enabling to go fast as possible forwards. Then they went straight back towards the Zuiderzee through the so-called Hessenweg north of Dalfsen and Ommen and just south of Hoogveen . For the trip across the Zuiderzee, Hasselt was the best-located and the city had several contracts with the Amsterdam boatmen to monopolize it. Crossing the "Zuiderzee" will often have been no fun : with 100 or more and all the luggage in a ship on which at other times of the year cattle was transported via Zwarstsluis and Genemuiden they entered via the "Zwolse diep" the open sea, After a crossing from one day they arrived in Amsterdam at the "Oude Brug" (=Old Bridge) and gone off-board. These trips are usual transportways until mid of the 19th century ...... ( page 55 ff ) "."